Scientific reports, conference proceedings, book chapters and other publications by Met Éireann staff members

Conference proceedings, scientific reports, book chapters and other publications by Met Éireann staff members, arranged chronologically. Links to full text are given, where available.


Finkele, K., Flattery, P., Nugent, C., and Downes, P.: Current Operational Implementation of the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index System in the Republic of Ireland, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-7853,, 2023.

Finkele, K., Flattery, P., Nugent, C., and Downes, P.: Current Operational Implementation of the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index System in the Republic of Ireland, EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-7853,, 2023.

Finkele, K., Hochstrasser, T., Murphy, P. N. C., Daly, E., Jarmain, C., Richards, K., Fenton, O., Cummins, T., Saunders, M., Johnston, P. M., Bruen, M., Byrne, K. A., Delaney, D. T., Fealy, R., Green, S., Higgins, S., Hunter Williams, N., Lanigan, G., McCarthy, T., McCormack, T., Mellander, P.-E., Nicholson, O., Nugent, C., O’Loughlin, F., Tobin, B., Tuohy, P., and Whetton, R.: The new Irish Soil Moisture Observation Network – ISMON: an Umbrella for Integrating Several Recent Soil Moisture Measurements Initiatives, EMS Annual Meeting 2022, Bonn, Germany, 5–9 Sep 2022, EMS2022-273,, 2022.

Hochstrasser, T., Jarmain, C., Finkele, K., Murphy, P., Fenton, O., Richards, K., Daly, E., Saunders, M., Cummins, T., Whetton, R., and O’Loughlin, F.: Towards establishing an Irish National Soil Moisture Monitoring Network, EMS Annual Meeting 2021, online, 6–10 Sep 2021, EMS2021-273,, 2021.

Flattery, P., Finkele, K., Cucak, M., Kildea, S., Fealy, R., and Downes, P.: Implementing the modified potato blight risk forecasting model in the Republic of Ireland – the New Irish Rules, EMS Annual Meeting 2021, online, 6–10 Sep 2021, EMS2021-283,, 2021.

Daly E, Finkele K, Hochstrasser T, Jarmain C, Richards K, Fenton O, Murphy PNC, Cummins T, Saunders M, Johnston PM, Bruen M, Byrne KA, Delaney DT, Fealy R, Green S, Higgins S, Hunter Williams N, Lanigan G, McCarthy T, McCormack T, Mellander PE, Nicholson O, Nugent C, O’Loughlin F, Tobin B, Tuohy P, Whetton R. The Irish Soil Moisture Observations Network – ISMON, Irish National Hydrology Conference, 2021

Gallagher, S. Report On Activities Of The GCOS-Ireland National Committee In 2022. Link


Mateus, C., Lambkin, K., Coonan, B., Griffin, S., McGovern, J., McGuinness, S., Murphy, K., Eames, M., and Coyle, O. 2022. Climate maps and data to support building design standards in Ireland, EMS Annual Meeting 2022, Bonn, Germany, 5–9 Sep 2022, EMS2022-106, Link


Bessardon, G., Clancy C., Comito, T., Daly., C., Darcy, R., Fannon, J., Gleeson, E., Hally, A., Harney, E., Healy, D., McAufield, E., Walsh, E., Whelan, E. Met Éireann Updates. ALADIN-HIRLAM Newsletter 16: 118-130, 2021. Link.

Kristian Pagh Nielsen, Laura Rontu, Emily Gleeson. Uncertainties in Numerical Weather Prediction Chapter 9 – Radiation. Edited by Haraldur Ólafsson and Jian-Wen Bao. Pages 237-264, Elsevier,  2021, (Full text)


Bessardon, G., Clancy C., Daly., C., Darcy, R., Gleeson, E., Hally, A., Whelan, E. Met Éireann Updates. ALADIN-HIRLAM Newsletter 14: 70-78, 2020. (Full text)


Gleeson E, Whelan E [editors], Nicole Beisiegel, Frédéric Dias, Eadaoin Doddy, Lisette Edvinsson, Emily Gleeson, Edward Graham, Ludvig Isaksson, Frank McDermott, Kristian Pagh Nielsen, Semjon Schimanke, Conor Sweeney, Per Undén, Jonathan Webb, Eoin Whelan, Liam Woods, ‘MÉRA Workshop Proceedings’, Met Éireann, 2019-12-15

Clancy C., Daly C., Darcy R., Gleeson E., Hally A., Whelan E. Met Éireann Updates. ALADIN-HIRLAM Newsletter 12: 67-75, 2019 (Full text)


O’Sullivan L., McConnell B., Scanlon R., Walsh S., Creamer R. (2018) Soil Formation. In: Creamer R., O’Sullivan L. (eds) The Soils of Ireland. World Soils Book Series. Springer, Cham

Coll J, Curley M, Walsh S, and Sweeney J (2018) HOMERUN: relative homogenisation of the Irish precipitation network. EPA Research Report 2012-CCRP-FS.11 Report No. 242. Environmental Protection Agency, Wexford, pp32

Gleeson E, Whelan E [editors], J Aherne, H Cathcart, L Cooke, J Correia, J de Lacy, F Dias, E Doddy, J Flanagan, G Florence, Gallagher S, E Graham, S Griffin, J Janjic, C Kidd, E Lettice, F McDermott, O Naughton, P Nolan, C Sweeney, C Werner, K Wilkins, ‘MÉRA Workshop Proceedings’, Met Éireann, 2018-10-09. (Full text)

Clancy C., Darcy, R., Gallagher, S., Gleeson, E., Hally, A., Hanley, J., Whelan, E. Met Éireann Updates. ALADIN-HIRLAM Newsletter 10: 56-60, 2018.(Full Text)


Janjić , J., Gallagher, S., Gleeson, E., and Dias, F.: “Wave energy potential in the northeast Atlantic: Impact of large-scale atmospheric oscillations”. In Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Waves, Storm Surges and Coastal Hazards, pp. 1–5. P26, available at:, 2017.

Janjic , Jelena., Gallagher S, and Frederic Dias, 2017. ‘The Future Northeast Atlantic Wave Energy Potential under Climate Change’, International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers, 2017 (Full Text)

Janjic , Jelena., Gallagher S, Frederic Dias, 2017. ‘Wave Energy Extraction in the Northeast Atlantic: Future Wave Climate Availability’, European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC), 2017 (Full Text)

Rontu, L., Nielsen, K.P., Gleeson, E., HIRLAM and HARMONIE-AROME radiation comparisons. ALADIN-HIRLAM Newsletter 9: 34-36, 2017.(Full Text)


Rontu, L., E. Gleeson, K.P. Nielsen, V. Toll, and J Masek. “HARMONIE-AROME Radiation Studies 2011-2016.” ALADIN-HIRLAM Newsletter 7 (2016): 73–80. (Full Text)

Whelan, Eoin, and Emily Gleeson. “Met Éireann High Resolution Reanalysis for Ireland.” In Proceedings of National Hydrology Conference , 2016. Athlone: Office of Public Works, 2016. (Full Text)

Whelan, E., and E. Gleeson. “A Mesoscale Regional Reanalysis for Ireland.” ALADIN-HIRLAM Newsletter 7 (2016): 93–99. (Full Text)

Whelan, E., E. Gleeson, S. Gallagher, and R. McGrath. “Met Éireann NWP Highlights 2015.” ALADIN-HIRLAM Newsletter 6 (2016): 76–78. (Full Text)


Cheung, J.C.H., A. Hally, J. Heijstek, A. Marsman, and J.L. Brenguier. “Recommendations on Trajectory Selection in Flight Planning Based on Weather Uncertainty.” In 5th SESAR Innovation Days, Bologna, Italy, December 1-3, 2015. (Full Text)

Clancy, C., V. Belissen, R. Tiron, S. Gallagher, and F. Dias. “Spatial Variability of Extreme Sea States on the Irish West Coast.” In Proceedings of the ASME 2015 34th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering OMAE2015. St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada: ASME, 2015.

Dias, F., J. Brennan, S. Ponce de León, C. Clancy, and J. Dudley. “Local Analysis of Wave Fields Produced from Hindcasted Rogue Wave Sea States.” In Proceedings of the ASME 2015 34th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering OMAE2015, 2015.

Gleeson, E., K. P. Nielsen, V. Toll, L.Rontu, and E. Whelan. “Shortwave Radiation Experiments in HARMONIE. Tests of the Cloud Inhomogeneity Factor and a New Cloud Liquid Optical Property Scheme Compared to Observations.” ALADIN-HIRLAM Newsletter 5 (2015): 92–106.  (Full Text)

McGrath, R., E. Gleeson, and E. Whelan. “HIRLAM/HARMONIE Forecasts: Experience in Met Éireann.” ALADIN-HIRLAM Newsletter 4 (2015): 33–35. (Full Text)

Nielsen, K. P., and E. Gleeson. “Comment on: ‘Impact of Changes in the Formulation of Cloud-Related Processes on Model Biases and Climate Feedbacks’ by C. Lacagnina, F. Selten and A. Pier Siebesma (2014; 6(4): 1224-1243).” ALADIN-HIRLAM Newsletter 5 (2015): 1–3. (Full Text)

Tiron, R., S. Gallagher, E. Gleeson, F. Dias, and R. McGrath. “The Future Wave Climate of Ireland: From Averages to Extremes.” Procedia IUTAM 17, no. IUTAM Symposium on the Dynamics of Extreme Events Influenced by Climate Change (2013) (2015): 40–46. doi:10.1016/j.piutam.2015.06.007. (Full Text)

Toll, V. and E. Gleeson. “Influence of the Direct Radiative Effect of Aerosols on Atmospheric Dynamics over Europe.” In Challenges for Earth System Science in the Baltic Region: From Measurements to Models. International Baltic Earth Secretariat Publication Series No. 5, 54–55. Tartu, Estonia: Baltic Earth, 2015. (Full Text)

WMO, Fleming, G. (contributing editor). Valuing Weather and Climate: Economic Assessment of Meteorological and Hydrological Services. Geneva: World Meteorological Organisation, 2015. HYDROMET.pdf.


Gallagher, S., R. Tiron, and F, Dias. “A Detailed Investigation of the Nearshore Wave Climate and the Nearshore Wave Energy Resource on the West Coast of Ireland.” In ASME 2013 32nd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. Volume 8: Ocean Renewable Energy, V008T09A046. Nantes, France: ASME, 2013. doi:10.1115/OMAE2013-10719

Gallagher, S., R. Tiron, and F, Dias. “A 34-Year Nearshore Wave Hindcast for Ireland (Atlantic and Irish Sea Coasts): Wave Climate and Energy Resource Assessment.” In 13th International Workshop on Wave Hindcasting and Forecasting and 4th Coastal Hazards Symposium. Banff, Canada, 2013. (Full Text)

Gleeson, E., R. McGrath, and M. Treanor. Ireland’s Climate: The Road Ahead. Edited by Emily Gleeson, Ray McGrath, and Mairéad Treanor. Dublin, Ireland: Met Éireann, 2013.

Tiron, R., S. Gallagher, K. Doherty, E. G. Reynaud, F.Dias, F. Mallon, and T.Whittaker. “An Experimental Study of the Hydrodynamic Effects of Marine Growth on Wave Energy Converters.” In ASME 2013 32nd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. Volume 8: Ocean Renewable Energy, V008T09A040. Nantes, France: ASME, 2013. doi:10.1115/OMAE2013-10698

Tiron, R, S. Gallagher, F. Dias. “The Influence of Coastal Morphology on the Wave Climate and Wave Energy Resource of the West Irish Coast.” In 10th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference, EWTEC 2013. Aalborg, Denmark, 2013. (Full Text)


Fleming, G. “Weather Presentation and Delivery – What Is the Value of This and How Can We Measure It?” In Proceedings of the WMO Regional Association VI (Europe) Conference on Social and Economic Benefits of Weather, Climate and Water Services, 2012. (Full Text)

Gleeson, E., T. Semmler, R. McGrath, and A. McKinstry. “Abrupt Northern Hemisphere Cooling during an EC-Earth Spin-up Simulation.” In Proceedings of the RIA Tyndall Conference, Dublin Castle. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, 2012.

Walsh, S. “New Long Term Rainfall Averages for Ireland.” In Proceedings of National Hydrology Seminar 2012. Tullamore, Ireland: Office of Public Works, 2012.


McGrath, R., R. Fealy, and T. Sheridan. 9th Scientific Statement: Recent Irish Weather Extremes and Climate Change. Dublin, Ireland, 2010. Change/…

Met Éireann C&O Division. “Summer 2009. How Wet Was It?” Dublin, Ireland: Met Éireann, 2010.

Semmler, T. “Impacts of Climate Change on Rainfall, River Discharge and Sea Level Rise.” In Proceedings of the 30th Annual Groundwater Conference, Tullamore, Co. Offaly, 20th & 21st April 2010, edited by International Association of Hydrogeologists (Irish Group). Tullamore, Ireland: International Association of Hydrogeologists (Irish Group), 2010.


Dowdy, A. J., K. Finkele, G. A. Mills, and W. de Groot. “Australian Fire Weather as Represented by the McArthur Forest Fire Danger Index and the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index.” CAWCR Technical Report 10 (2009): 1–84.

Yans, S., R. Bintanja, F. Selten, T. Semmler, X. Wang, and K. Wyser. “Evaluation of the Atmosphere-Ocean Performance of EC-Earth.” IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 6, no. 5 (January 1, 2009): 052024. doi:10.1088/1755-1307/6/5/052024.


Fleming, G. “Service Delivery and Public Weather Services – an Overview.” WMO Bulletin 54, no. 4 (2008): 208–212.

McGrath, R., P. Lynch, S. Dunne, J.Hanafin, E. Nishimura, P. Nolan, J. V. Ratnam, T. Semmler, C. Sweeney, S. Varghese, S. Wang. Ireland in a Warmer World?: Scientific Predictions of the Irish Climate in the Twenty-First Century. Dublin: Met Éireann, 2008.

Whelan, E., and A. McDonald. “Met Éireann Experiences Upgrading to HIRLAM: HIRLAM Forecast Failure 8th – 9th January 2008.” HIRLAM Newsletter 54 (2008).

Ray, D., G. Xenakis, and T. Semmler. “The Impact of Climate Change on Forests in Ireland and Some Options for Adaptation.” In Proceedings of COFORD’s Conference on Climate Change. Dublin, 2008.


Holden, N. M., T. Hochstrasser, R.P.O Schulte, and S. Walsh. Making Science Work on the Farm: A Workshop on Decision Support Systems for Irish Agriculture. Edited by N. M. Holden, T Hochstrasser, R.P.O Schulte, and S. Walsh. Dublin: AGMET, 2007.

Holden, N.M., R.P.O. Schulte, and S. Walsh. “A Slurry Spreading Decision Support System for Ireland.” In Making Science Work on the Farm. A Workshop on Decision Support Systems for Irish Agriculture, 24–33. Dublin: AGMET, 2007.

Walsh, S. “Implementation in Ireland of the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index System.” In Making Science Work on the Farm. A Workshop on Decision Support Systems for Irish Agriculture, 120–126. Dublin: AGMET, 2007.


Clancy, C., M.J.A. O’Callaghan, and T.C. Kelly. “A Multi-Scale Problem Arising in a Model of Avian Flu Virus in a Seabird Colony.” In International Workshop on Multi-Rate Processes and Hysteresis, 45–54, 2006.

Finkele, K., G. A. Mills, G. Beard, and D. A. Jones. “National Daily Gridded Soil Moisture Deficit and Drought Factor for Use in Prediction of Forest Fire Danger Index in Australia.” BMRC Research Report. Canberra, 2006.

Semmler, T., S. Wang, R. McGrath, and P. Nolan. “Regional Climate Ensemble Simulations for Ireland: Impact of Climate Change on River Flooding.” In Proceedings of National Hydrology Seminar 2006. Tullamore: Office of Public Works, 2006.

Semmler, T., S. Varghese, R. McGrath, P. Nolan, S. Wang, and Colin O’Dowd. “Global Warming Impacts on Storminess.” In Proceedings of the SOLAS Ireland Workshop 2006, Galway, Ireland., edited by Colin O’Dowd, 20 – 27. Galway, Ireland: Surface Ocean – Lower Atmosphere Studies – Ireland, 2006.


Fleming, G., Jon Gill, S. Muchemi, A. H.M. Al-Harthy, E. Corconeanu, A. Aziz Diop, C. Martin, et al. Guidelines on Weather Broadcasting and the Use of Radio for Delivery of Weather Information. Geneva: World Meteorological Organisation, 2005.

McGrath, R., E. Nishimura, P. Nolan, J. Venkata Ratnam, T. Semmler, and C. Sweeney. c4i Community Climate Change Consortium for Ireland 2004 Annual Report. Dublin, Ireland, 2005.

McGrath, R., E. Nishimura, P. Nolan, T. Semmler, C. Sweeney, and S. Wang. Climate Change: Regional Climate Model Predictions for Ireland. Wexford: Environmental Protection Agency, 2005.

Milton, S., M. Brooks, A. Lock, E. Whelan, D. Wilson, and R. Allan. “HadGEM1 Physics for the Global NWP Model (Cycle G34), Improvements to Boundary Layer, Large Scale Precipitation, Convection and Saharan Albedo.” Forecasting Research Technical Report 458 (2005): 39.


Finkele, K., M. B. Jones, and J. C. Clifton-Brown. “The Surface Energy Balance.” In Climate, Weather and Irish Agriculture, edited by Tom Keane and J.F. Collins, 101–118. Dublin: AGMET, 2004.

McGrath, R., J. V. Ratnam, S. Wang, C. Sweeney, and E. Nishimura. c4i Community Change Consortium for Ireland 2003 Annual Report. Dublin, 2004.


Lynch, P. “Introduction to Initialization.” In Data Assimilation for the Earth System. Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Acquafredda, Maratea, Italy from 19 May to 1 June 2002, edited by R Swinbank, V Shutyaev, and W Lahoz, 97–111. London:  Kluwer Academic, 2003. 10.1007/978-94-010-0029-1_9


Lynch, P. “Hamiltonian Methods for Geophysical Fluid Dynamics: An Introduction.” Institute for Mathematics and Its Applications Preprint 1. Preprint (2002): 1–32.

Lynch, P. “The Swinging Spring: A Simple Model for Atmospheric Balance.” In Large-Scale Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics: Vol II: Geometric Methods and Models, edited by J Norbury and I Roulstone, 64–108. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Lynch, P. “Weather Forecasting: From Woolly Art to Solid Science.” In Meteorology at the Millennium, edited by Robert Pearce, 83:106–119. International Geophysics. Academic Press, 2002. doi:10.1016/S0074-6142(02)80160-7.


Finkele, K. “Simulation of a FASTEX Storm at Different Resolutions.” HIRLAM Newsletter 37 (2001): 47–50.…

Fleming, G., and R. Vilfand. Weather on the Internet and Other New Technologies. Geneva: World Meteorological Organisation, 2001.

McDonald, A. “Well-Posed Boundary Conditions for Semi-Lagrangian Schemes: The Two-Dimensional Case.” HIRLAM Technical Report 47 (2001).

McGrath, R., and K. Finkele. “HIRLAM Foot-and-Mouth Disease Dispersion Model.” Hirlam Progress Report , 21 (2001).


Finkele, K. and P. Lynch. “Development and Simulation of Atlantic Storms during FASTEX.” In Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium, Limerick, Ireland, 2-7 July, 143–146, 2000.

Lynch, P.  “Boundary Filters Using Half-Sinc Functions.” Hirlam Newsletter 35 (2000): 110–118.

Lynch, P., N. Gustafsson, B. H. Sass, and G. Cats. Final Report of the HIRLAM 4 Project, 1997 – 1999, 2000.

McDonald, A. “Well-Posed Boundary Conditions for Semi-Lagrangian Schemes: The One-Dimensional Case. Part II.” HIRLAM Technical Report 44 (2000).


Finkele, K. “High Resolution Simulation of FASTEX IOP 16.” In HIRLAM 4 Workshop on High Resolution Modelling, Norrköping, 10-12 May, 86–88. Dublin: HIRLAM, 1999.

Lynch, P.  “State-of-the-Art in Short Range Forecasting.” In Proceedings of European Conference on Applications of Meteorology. Norrköping: European Meteorological Society, 1999.

Lynch, P. “Richardson’s Marvellous Forecast.” In The Life Cycles of Extratropical Cyclones, edited by M.A. Shapiro and S Grønås, 61–73. Boston: American Meteorological Society, 1999. .

Lynch, P., R. McGrath, and A. McDonald. “Digital Filter Initialization for HIRLAM.” HIRLAM Technical Report 42 (1999).

McDonald, A. “A Review of Lateral Boundary Conditions for Limited Area Forecast Models.” Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy  61 (1999): 95–105.

McDonald, A. “Changes to the Semi-Lagrangian Scheme.” Hirlam Newsletter 33 (1999): 69–72.

McDonald, A. “Well-Posed Boundary Conditions for Semi-Lagrangian Schemes: The One-Dimensional Case.” HIRLAM Technical Report 43 (1999).

McDonald, A. and J. Hamilton. “HIRLAM at Met Éireann.” Hirlam Newsletter 33 (1999): 32–36.


Lynch, P., D.Majewski, and P. Prohl. “Digital Filtering Initialization of the Global Icosahedral-Hexagonal Grid NWP Model (GME) of the Deutscher Wetterdienst.” In CAS/JSC Working Group on Numerical Experimentation, Report 27 on Research Activities in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modelling, edited by A. Staniforth. World Meteorological Organisation, 1998.

Lynch, P.  “HTML in Less than No Time.” Hirlam Newsletter 30 (1998): 52–56.


Finkele, K. “Sea Breezes.” In The User’s Guide to the Australian Coast, edited by G.P. Laughlin, Finkele. K., J.J. Finnigan, R. Kenchington, J. Kestvean, and J. Lennon. Melbourne: Reed Books, 1997.

McWilliams, B. “The Kingdom of the Air: The Progress of Meteorology.” In Nature in Ireland?: A Scientific and Cultural History, edited by J.W. Foster and Helena C.G. Chesney. Dublin, Ireland: The Lilliput Press, 1997.

Raupach, M. R., K. Finkele, P. R. Briggs, H. A. Cleugh, P.A. Coppin, R.Leuning, and R.D. Gratz. “Water and Carbon Dynamics of the Australian Biosphere.” In Climate Prediction for Agricultural and Resource Management: Australian Academy of Science Conference, Canberra, 6-8 May, edited by K.M Munro, R.K. and Leslie, 218–229. Canberra, 1997.

Raupach, M. R., K. Finkele, and L. Zhang. “SCAM: A Soil-Canopy-Atmosphere Model. Description and Comparisons with Field Data.” In Technical Report 132, 132:81. Canberra: CSIRO, 1997.


Lynch, P. “A Simple Filter for Initialization.” HIRLAM Technical Report , 24 (1996).


Lynch, P. “HIRLAM Forecasts of the Epiphany Snow Storm.” Hirlam Progress Report, 2. Dublin, Ireland, 1995.


Lynch, P. “Climate Modelling.” In Climate Variation and Climate Change in Ireland?: Proceedings of a One-Day Conference Held at UCD on Monday 24th January 1994, edited by John Feehan. Dublin: Environmental Institute, University College Dublin, 1994.


Lynch, P. “Digital Filters For Numerical Weather Prediction.” Hirlam Progress Report  no. 10 (1993).

Lynch, P. and X-Yu Huang. “Initialization Schemes for HIRLAM Based on Recursive Digital Filters.” HIRLAM Technical Report 12 (1993).