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State of Climate 2019

European State of the Climate 2019

The European State of the Climate 2019 report was released by the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) implemented by ECMWF on behalf of the European Commission.

Key  Findings include:

  • 2019 was the warmest year on record for Europe.
  • In Europe, 11 of the 12 warmest years have occurred since 2000.
  • Three periods of exceptionally warm weather occurred in February, June and July, leading to record-breaking high temperatures.
  • The long-term view shows a clear warming trend across the last four decades.
  • One of the wettest Novembers on record brought precipitation of up to four times the normal amount in western and southern Europe.
  • The European Arctic was colder than in recent years, but a summer heatwave caused record surface ice melting in Greenland.
  • Globally, greenhouse gases continue to rise.
European surface air temperature anomaly for annual averages from 1979 to 2019, relative to the annual average for the 1981-2010 reference period. Data source: ERA5 Credit: Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S)/ECMWF/KNMI. https://climate.copernicus.eu/ESOTC/2019

European surface air temperature anomaly for annual averages from 1979 to 2019, relative to the annual average for the 1981-2010 reference period. Data source: ERA5 Credit: Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S)/ECMWF/KNMI. https://climate.copernicus.eu/ESOTC/2019

 

Climate Of Ireland 2019

Key  Findings include:

  • The provisional mean annual shaded air temperature for 2019 was 10.5°C, which was 0.9°C above its 1961-1990 Long-Term Average (LTA).
  • It was the 9th consecutive year above LTA and is on track to being the 18th warmest year in 120 years.
  • The mean annual temperature of 2007 remains the warmest year on record for Ireland, with 1.4°C above its LTA and a mean annual temperature of 10.8°C.
  • Meteorological winter, spring and summer 2019 were all at least 0.9°C above their LTA.
  • Winter 2019 (December 2018, January and February 2019) was the warmest winter on record (119 years) with 2.2°C above its LTA (mean seasonal temperature 7.5°C).
Provisional Long Series Temperature Anomalies for Ireland. Long term average (LTA) period 1961-1990. https://www.met.ie/long-series-record-climate-of-ireland

Provisional Long Series Temperature Anomalies for Ireland. Long term average (LTA) period 1961-1990.                                          https://www.met.ie/long-series-record-climate-of-ireland

                 

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