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Foilseacháin acadúla le baill foirne Met Éireann

Ailt, páipéir chomhdhála agus foilseacháin phiarmheasúnaithe le foireann Met Éireann, arna gcur in ord croineolaíoch. Tugtar naisc chuig an téacs iomlán, i gcás gur féidir é. Údair Met Éireann i gcló trom.


Clancy, C., Belissen, V., Tiron, R., Gallagher, S., Dias, F. et al., 2015. Spatial variability of extreme sea states on the Irish west coast. In Proceedings of the ASME 2015 34th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering OMAE2015. St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada: ASME. Available at:

Gleeson, E., Toll, V., Nielsen, K., Rontu, L., Mašek, J 2015. Effects of aerosols on solar radiation in the ALADIN-HIRLAM NWP system. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 15(22), pp.32519–32560. DOI: 10.5194/acpd-15-32519-2015

Gleeson, E., Nielsen, K.P., Toll, V., Rontu, L., Shortwave Radiation Experiments in HARMONIE . Tests of the cloud inhomogeneity factor and a new cloud liquid optical property scheme compared to observations . ALADIN-HIRLAM Newsletter, 5, pp. 92-106. (Full Text)

McCarthy, G. D., Gleeson, E. and Walsh, S. 2015. The influence of ocean variations on the climate of Ireland. Weather, 70(8), pp. 242–245. DOI: 10.1002/wea.2543. (Full Text)

Nielsen, K.P., Gleeson, E., Comment on: “Impact of changes in the formulation of cloud-related processes on model biases and climate feedbacks” by Carlo Lacagnina, Frank Selten and A. Pier Siebesma (2014; 6(4): 1224-1243). ALADIN-HIRLAM Newsletter, 5, pp. 1-3. (Full Text)

Noone, S., Murphy, C., Coll, J., Matthews, T., Mullan, D., Wilby, R.L., Walsh, S., 2015. Homogenization and analysis of an expanded long-term monthly rainfall network for the Island of Ireland (1850–2010). International Journal of Climatology, 35(14). DOI:10.1002/joc.4522

O'Sullivan, J., Sweeney, C., Nolan, P. and Gleeson, E. 2015. A high-resolution, multi-model analysis of Irish temperatures for the mid-21st century. International Journal of Climatology DOI: 10.1002/joc.4419

Tighe, T., 2015. A case study of high sea salt aerosol (SSA) concentrations as a hazard to aviation. Meteorological Applications, 22(4), pp.806–810. DOI: 10.1002/met.1529 (Full Text)

Tiron, R. et al., 2015. The Future Wave Climate of Ireland: From Averages to Extremes. Procedia IUTAM, 17(IUTAM Symposium on the Dynamics of Extreme Events Influenced by Climate Change (2013)), pp.40–46. (Full Text)

Toll, V., Gleeson, E., Influence of the direct radiative effect of aerosols on atmospheric dynamics over Europe. In Proceedings of Challenges for Earth system science in the Baltic Sea region: From measurements to models, University of Tartu and Vilsandi Island, Estonia10-14 August 2015. Tartu, Estona: Baltic Earth, pp54-55. (Full Text)

Walsh, S., 2015. What will climate change really mean for Ireland? Irish Independent. 21 November 2015. (Full Text)

WMO, Fleming, G. (contributing editor). 2015. Valuing weather and climate: economic assessment of meteorological and hydrological services, Geneva: World Meteorological Organisation. Available at: HYDROMET.pdf .


Caffarra, A., Zottele, F., Gleeson, E., Donnelly, A., 2014. Spatial heterogeneity in the timing of birch budburst in response to future climate warming in Ireland.International journal of biometeorology, 58(4), pp.509–19. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-013-0720-5   (Full Text)

Gallagher, S., Tiron, R.,Dias, F., 2014. A long-term nearshore wave hindcast for Ireland: Atlantic and Irish Sea coasts (1979–2012).Ocean Dynamics, 64(8), pp.1163–1180. DOI: 10.1007/s10236-014-0728-3  (Full Text)

Nielsen, K., Gleeson, E., Rontu, L., 2014. Radiation sensitivity tests of the HARMONIE 37h1 NWP model. Geoscientific Model Development, 7(4), pp.1433–1449. DOI: 10.5194/gmd-7-1433-2014 (Full Text)

Schmith, T., Yang S., Gleeson E., Semmler T., 2014. How Much Have Variations in the Meridional Overturning Circulation Contributed to Sea Surface Temperature Trends since 1850? A Study with the EC-Earth Global Climate Model. Journal of Climate, 27(16), pp.6343–6357. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00651.1 (Full Text)

Tighe, T., 2014a. Weather forecasting and aviation - old bedfellows. Flying in Ireland, 10(6), pp.46–47. (Full Text)

Tighe, T., 2014b. Weather forecasting - science or a stab in the dark? Flying in Ireland, 10(7), pp.46–47. (Full Text)

Tighe, T., 2014c. Understanding the universal language of aviation meteorology. Flying in Ireland, 10(8), pp.48–49. (Full Text)

Tighe, T., 2014d. Rumblings from afar... Flying in Ireland, 10(10), pp.48–49. (Full Text)


Drijfhout ,S.S, Gleeson, E., Dijkstra, H.A., Livina, A., 2013. A spontaneous, abrupt climate change event in the EC-Earth climate model. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(49), pp.19713–19718. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1304912110 

Gallagher, S, Tiron, R, Dias, F., 2013. A 34-year nearshore wave hindcast for Ireland (Atlantic and Irish Sea Coasts): wave climate and energy resource assessment. In 13th International Workshop on Wave Hindcasting and Forecasting and 4th Coastal Hazards Symposium. Banff, Canada. Available at:  (Full Text)

Gallagher, S., Tiron, R., Dias, F., 2013. A detailed investigation of the nearshore wave climate and the nearshore wave energy resource on the west coast of Ireland. In ASME 2013 32nd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. Volume 8: Ocean Renewable Energy. Nantes, France: ASME, p. V008T09A046. DOI: 10.1115/OMAE2013-10719 

Gleeson, E., Donnelly, A., et al., 2013. Assessing the influence of a range of spring meteorological parameters on tree phenology.Biology & Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 113(1), pp.47–56. DOI: 10.3318/BIOE.2013.06 

Gleeson, E., McGrath, R., Treanor, M., eds. 2013. Ireland’s climate: the road ahead. Dublin, Ireland: Met Éireann. Available at: 

Regan, E., Gleeson, E., 2013. The Painted lady (Vanessa cardui L., 1758) migration of 2009 as recorded by the Irish Butterfly Monitoring Scheme and an investigation into the origin of the migration. Irish Naturalists Journal, 32(2), pp.108–113.

Tiron, R., Gallagher, S., Doherty, K., et al., 2013. An experimental study of the hydrodynamic effects of marine growth on wave energy converters. In ASME 2013 32nd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. Volume 8: Ocean Renewable Energy. Nantes, France: ASME, p. V008T09A040. DOI: 10.1115/OMAE2013-10698 

Tiron, R., Gallagher, S., Dias, F., 2013. The influence of coastal morphology on the wave climate and wave energy resource of the west Irish Coast. In 10th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference, EWTEC 2013. Aalborg, Denmark.

Tripathi, O.P., Jennings, S.G., O’Dowd, C.D., Lambkin, K.P.Moran, E., 2013. Measurements of stratospheric ozone at a mid-latitude observing station Valentia, Ireland (51.94° N, 10.25° W), using ground-based and ozonesonde observations from 1994 to 2009. Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, 70(4), pp.297–316. DOI:10.1007/s10874-013-9274-5 (Full Text)


Fleming, G., 2012. Weather presentation and delivery – what is the value of this and how can we measure it? In Proceedings of the WMO Regional Association VI (Europe) Conference on Social and Economic Benefits of Weather, Climate and Water services. Available at: 

Gleeson, E.Semmler, T., McGrath, R., McKinstry, A., 2012. Abrupt northern hemisphere cooling during an EC-Earth spin-up simulation. In Proceedings of the RIA Tyndall Conference, Dublin Castle. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy

Keane, T., 2012. Establishment of the Meteorological Service in Ireland. The Foynes Years, 1936-1945, Dublin: Met Éireann.

O'Dowd, C., Varghese, S., Martin, D., Flanagan, R., McKinstry, A., Ceburnis, D., Ovadnevaite, J., Martucci, G., Bialek, J., Monahan, C., Berresheim, H., Vaishya, A., Grigas, T., McGraw, Z., Jennings, S.G., Langmann, B., Semmler, T.McGrath, R., 2012. The Eyjafjallajökull ash plume – Part 2: Simulating ash cloud dispersion with REMOTE. Atmospheric Environment, 48, pp.143–151. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.10.037    

Nolan, P., Lynch, P., McGrath, R.Semmler, T., Wang, S., 2012. Simulating climate change and its effects on the wind energy resource of Ireland. Wind Energy, 15(4), pp.593–608. DOI: 10.1002/we.489

O’Dowd, C., Ceburnis, D., Ovadnevaite, J., Martucci, G., Bialek, J., Monahan, C., Berresheim, H., Vaishya, A., Grigas, T., Jennings, S. G., McVeigh, P., Varghese, S., Flanagan, R., Martin, D., Moran, E.Lambkin, K., Semmler, T., Perrino, C., McGrath, R., 2012. The Eyjafjallajökull ash plume – Part I: Physical, chemical and optical characteristics. Atmospheric Environment, 48, pp.129–142. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.07.004 (Full Text)

Semmler, T., Cheng, B., Yang, Y., Rontu, L.,  2012. Snow and ice on Bear Lake (Alaska) – sensitivity experiments with two lake ice models. Tellus A, 64. DOI: 10.3402/tellusa.v64i0.17339 

Semmler, T., McGrath, R. & Wang, S., 2012. The impact of Arctic sea ice on the Arctic energy budget and on the climate of the Northern mid-latitudes. Climate Dynamics, 39(11), pp.2675–2694. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-012-1353-9

Tripathi, O. P., Jennings, S. G., O’Dowd, C., O’Leary, B., Lambkin, K.Moran, E., 2012. An assessment of the surface ozone trend in Ireland relevant to air pollution and environmental protection. Atmospheric Pollution Research. DOI: 10.5094/APR.2012.038 

Walsh, S., 2012. New long term rainfall averages for Ireland. In Proceedings of National Hydrology Seminar 2012. Tullamore, Ireland: Office of Public Works.


Hanafin, J., McGrath, R., Semmler, T., Wang, S., Lynch, P., Steele-Dunne, S., Nolan, P., 2011. Air flow and stability indices in GCM future and control runs. International Journal of Climatology, 31(8), pp.1240–1247. DOI: 10.1002/joc.2125 

Hazeleger, W., Wang, X., Severijns, C., ?tef?nescu, S., Bintanja, R., Sterl, A., Wyser, K., Semmler, T., Yang, S., van de Hurk, B., van Noije, T., van der Linden, E., van der Wiel, K., 2011. EC-Earth V2.2: description and validation of a new seamless earth system prediction model. Climate Dynamics, 39(11), pp.2611–2629. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-011-1228-5 

Sterl, A., Bintanja, R., Brodeau, L., Gleeson, E., Koenigk, T., Schmith, T., Semmler, T., Severijns, C., Wyser, K., Yang, S., 2011. A look at the ocean in the EC-Earth climate model. Climate Dynamics, 39(11), pp.2631–2657. DOI:10.1007/s00382-011-1239-2


Hazeleger, W., Severijns, C., Semmler, T. et al., 2010. EC-Earth: a seamless earth-system prediction approach in action. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 91(10), pp.1357–1363. DOI: 10.1175/2010BAMS2877.1 

McGrath, R., Fealy, R. & Sheridan, T., 2010. 9th Scientific Statement: Recent Irish Weather Extremes and Climate Change, Dublin, Ireland. Available at: 

Semmler, T., 2010. Impacts of climate change on rainfall, river discharge and sea level rise. In Proceedings of the 30th annual groundwater conference, Tullamore, Co. Offaly, 20th & 21st April 2010. Tullamore, Ireland: International Association of Hydrogeologists (Irish Group)


Keim, C., Eremenko, M., Orphal, J., Dufour, G., Flaud, J.-M., Höpfner, M., Boynard, A., Clerbaux, C., Payan, S., Coheur, P.-F., Hurtmans, D., Claude, H., Dier, H., Johnson, B., Kelder, H., Kivi, R., Koide, T., López Bartolomé, M., Lambkin, K., Moore, D., Schmidlin, F. J., Stübi, R., 2009. Tropospheric ozone from IASI: comparison of different inversion algorithms and validation with ozone sondes in the northern middle latitudes. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9(24), pp.9329–9347. DOI: 10.5194/acp-9-9329-2009

Semmler, T., McGrath, R., Steele-Dunne, S., Hanafin, J., Nolan, P., Wang, S., 2009. Influence of climate change on heating and cooling energy demand in Ireland. International Journal of Climatology, 30(10), pp.1502–1511. DOI: 10.1002/joc.1997 

Yans, S., Bintanja, R., Selten, F., Semmler, T., Wang, X., Wyser, K., 2009. Evaluation of the atmosphere-ocean performance of EC-Earth. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 6(5), p.052024. Available at:


Fleming, G., 2008. Service delivery and public weather services – an overview. WMO Bulletin, 54(4), pp.208–212. Available at: 

McGrath, R., Lynch, P., Dunne, S., Hanafin, J., Nishimura, E., Nolan, P., Venkata Ratnam, J., Semmler, T., Sweeney, C., Varghese, S., Wang, S. (C4I), Community Climate Change Consortium for Ireland, Met Éireann, 2008. Ireland in a warmer world?: scientific predictions of the Irish climate in the twenty-first century, Dublin: Met Éireann. Available at:  

Ray, D., Xenakis, G., Semmler, T., 2008. The impact of climate change on forests in Ireland and some options for adaptation. InProceedings of COFORD’s conference on climate change. Dublin.

Semmler, T., Varghese, S., McGrath, R., Nolan, P., Wang, S., Lynch, P., O'Dowd, C., 2008. Regional climate model simulations of North Atlantic cyclones: frequency and intensity changes. Climate Research, 36, pp.1–16. DOI: 10.3354/cr00732 

Semmler, T., Varghese, S., McGrath, R., Nolan, P., Wang, S., Lynch, P., O'Dowd, C., 2008. Regional model simulation of North Atlantic cyclones: present climate and idealized response to increased sea surface temperature. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113(D2), p.D02107. DOI: 10.1029/2006JD008213 

Steele-Dunne, S., Lynch, P., McGrath, R., Semmler, T., Wang, S., Hanafin, J., Nolan, P., 2008. The impacts of climate change on hydrology in Ireland. Journal of Hydrology, 356(1), pp.28–45. DOI:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2008.03.025 

Wang, S., McGrath, R., Hanafin, J., Lynch, P., Semmler, T., Nolan, P., 2008. The impact of climate change on storm surges over Irish waters. Ocean Modelling, 25(1), pp.83–94. DOI:10.1016/j.ocemod.2008.06.009 

Whelan, E. and McDonald, A., 2008. Met Éireann experiences upgrading to HIRLAM: HIRLAM Forecast Failure 8th - 9th January 2008.HIRLAM Newsletter, 54


Holden, N.M. Hoschstrasser, T., Schulte, R.P.O., Walsh, S. (eds.), 2007. Making science work on the farm: a workshop on decision support systems for Irish agriculture N. M. Holden et al., eds., Dublin: AGMET. Available at:  

Holden, N.M., Schulte, R.P.O. and Walsh, S., 2007. A slurry spreading decision support system for Ireland. In Making Science Work on the Farm. A Workshop on Decision Support Systems for Irish Agriculture. Dublin: AGMET, pp. 24–33. Available at: 

Semmler, T., Varghese, Saji., McGrath, R., Nolan, P., Wang, S., Lynch, P., O’Dowd, C., 2006. Global warming impacts on storminess. In C. O’Dowd, ed. Proceedings of the SOLAS Ireland Workshop 2006, Galway, Ireland. Galway, Ireland: Surface Ocean - Lower Atmosphere Studies - Ireland, pp. 20 – 27. Available at: 

Semmler, T., Wang, Shiyu, McGrath, R., Nolan, P. 2006. Regional climate ensemble simulations for Ireland: impact of climate change on river flooding. In Proceedings of National Hydrology Seminar 2006. Tullamore: Office of Public Works. Available at: 

Walsh, S., 2007. Implementation in Ireland of the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index System. In Making Science Work on the Farm. A Workshop on Decision Support Systems for Irish Agriculture. Dublin: AGMET, pp. 120–126. Available at: 

Wang, S., McGrath, R., Semmler, T., Sweeney, C., Nolan, P., 2006. The impact of the climate change on discharge of Suir River Catchment (Ireland) under different climate scenarios. Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, 6(3), pp.387–395. DOI: 10.5194/nhess-6-387-2006 

Wang, S., McGrath, R., Semmler, T., Sweeney, C., 2006. Validation of simulated precipitation patterns over Ireland for the period 1961–2000. International Journal of Climatology, 26(2), pp.251–266. DOI: 10.1002/joc.1246


Fleming, G. et al., 2005. Guidelines on weather broadcasting and the use of radio for delivery of weather information, Geneva: World Meteorological Organisation. Available at: 

McGrath, R. et al., 2005. Climate change: regional climate model predictions for Ireland, Wexford: Enivronmental Protection Agency. Available at: 

McGrath, R. et al., 2005. c4i Community Climate Change Consortium for Ireland 2004 Annual Report, Dublin, Ireland. Available at:  

Milton, S.F., Brooks, M., Lock, A., Whelan, E., Wilson, D., Allan, R., 2005. HadGEM1 physics for the global NWP model (Cycle G34), improvements to boundary layer, large scale precipitation, convection and Saharan albedo. Forecasting Research Technical Report, 458 Available at: 

Schulte, R.P.O., Diamond, J. and Finkele, K., 2005. Predicting the soil moisture conditions of Irish grasslands. Irish journal of agricultural and food research, 44(1), pp.95–110. Available at:  

Semmler, T. et al., 2005. The water and energy budget of the Arctic atmosphere. Journal of Climate, 18(13), pp.2515–2530. DOI:10.1175/JCLI3414.1 

Stevens, B., Moeng, Chin-Hoh, Ackerman, A.S., Bretherton, C.S., Chlond, A., de Roode, S., Edwards, J., Golaz, J-C., Jiang, H., Khairoutdinov, M., Kirkpatrick, M.P., Lewellen, D.C., Lock, A., Muller, F., Stevens, D.E., Whelan, E., Zhu, P., 2005. Evaluation of Large-Eddy Simulations via Observations of Nocturnal Marine Stratocumulus. Monthly Weather Review, 133(6), pp.1443–1462. DOI: 10.1175/MWR2930.1


R. H. Cushman, R.H., Dullin, H.R., Giacobbe, A., Holm, D.D., Joyeux, M., Lynch, P., Sadovskií, D.A. . Zhilinskií, B.I., 2004. CO2 Molecule as a Quantum Realization of the 1:1:2 Resonant Swing-Spring with Monodromy. Physical Review Letters, 93(2), p.024302. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.024302  

Finkele, K., Jones, M.B. & Clifton-Brown, J.C., 2004. The surface energy balance. In T. Keane & J. F. Collins, eds. Climate, Weather and Irish Agriculture. Dublin: AGMET, pp. 101–118

Keane, T. and Collins, J.F. eds., 2004. Climate, weather and Irish agriculture 2nd ed., Dublin: AGMET

Leamon, R.J., Canfield, R.C., Jones, S.L., Lambkin, K., Lundberg, B.J., Pevtsov, A.A., 2004. Helicity of magnetic clouds and their associated active regions. Journal of Geophysical Research, 109(A5), p.A05106. DOI: 10.1029/2003JA010324

Lynch, P., 2004. A century of numerical weather prediction: the view from Limerick. Weather, 59(12), pp.331–331. DOI:10.1256/wea.142.04 

Lynch, P. and Houghton, C., 2004. Pulsation and precession of the resonant swinging spring. Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, 190(1), pp.38–62. DOI: 10.1016/j.physd.2003.09.043 

McGrath, R. et al., 2004. c4i Community Climate Change Consortium for Ireland 2004 Annual Report, Dublin, Ireland. Available at: 


Lopez, P., Finkele, K., Clark, P., Mascart, P., 2003. Validation and intercomparison of three mesoscale models on three FASTEX cloud systems: Comparison with coarse-resolution simulations. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 129(591), pp.1841–1871. DOI: 10.1256/qj.01.113 

Lynch, P., 2003. Introduction to initialization. In R. Swinbank, V. Shutyaev, & W. Lahoz, eds. Data Assimilation for the Earth System. Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Acquafredda, Maratea, Italy from 19 May to 1 June 2002. London: Kluwer Academic, pp. 97–111. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-010-0029-1_9 

Lynch, P., 2003. Margules’s tendency equation and Richardson's forecast. Weather, 58(5), pp.186–193. DOI: 10.1256/wea.146.02 

Lynch, P., 2003. On the significance of the Titius-Bode law for the distribution of the planets. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, pp.1174–1178. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2004.07760.x 

Lynch, P., 2003. Richardson Extrapolation: The Power of the 2-gon. Mathematics Today, 39(5), pp.159–160. Available at: 

Lynch, P., 2003. Resonant Rossby wave triads and the swinging spring. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 84(5), pp.605–616. DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-84-5-605


Fitzgerald, D.L., 2002. Tricomi and Kummer functions in occurrence, waiting time and exceedance statistics. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment (SERRA), 16(3), pp.207–224. DOI: 10.1007/s00477-002-0095-3 

Holm, D.D. & Lynch, P., 2002. Stepwise precession of the resonant swinging spring. SIAM Journal on Applied Dynamical Systems, 1(1), pp.44–64. DOI: 10.1137/S1111111101388571 

Lynch, P., 2002. Hamiltonian methods for geophysical fluid dynamics: an introduction. Institute for Mathematics and its Applications, Preprint 1838, pp.1–32. Available at: 

Lynch, P., 2002. The swinging spring: a simple model for atmospheric balance. In J. Norbury & I. Roulstone, eds. Large-Scale atmosphere-ocean dynamics. Vol II: geometric methods and models. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 64–108

Lynch, P., 2002. Weather forecasting: from woolly art to solid science. In R. Pearce, ed. Meteorology at the Millennium. Academic Press, pp. 106–119. Available at:   

McDonald, A., 2002. A step toward transparent boundary conditions for meteorological models. Monthly Weather Review, 130(1), pp.140–151. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0493(2002)130<0140:ASTTBC>2.0.CO;2


Finkele, K., 2001. Simulation of a FASTEX storm at different resolutions. HIRLAM Newsletter, 37, pp.47–50. Available at:

Fleming, G.
and Vilfand, R., 2001. Weather on the internet and other new technologies, Geneva: World Meteorological Organisation. Available at: 

Lynch, P., 2001. Max Margules and his tendency equation. Met Éireann Historical Note, 5. Available at: 

Lynch, P., 2001. Resonant motions of the three-dimensional elastic pendulum. International Journal of Nonlinear Mechanics, 37(2), pp.345–367. DOI: 10.1016/S0020-7462(00)00121-9 

McDonald, A., 2001. Well-posed boundary conditions for semi-Lagrangian schemes: the two-dimensional case. HIRLAM Technical Report, 47. Available at: 

McGrath, R. and Finkele, K., 2001. HIRLAM foot-and-mouth disease dispersion model. Hirlam Progress Report, 21


Finkele, K. and Lynch, P., 2000. Development and simulation of Atlantic storms during FASTEX. In Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium, Limerick, Ireland, 2-7 July. pp. 143–146.

Fitzgerald, D.L., 2000. Statistical aspects of Tricomi’s function and modified Bessel functions of the second kind. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, 14(2), pp.139–158. DOI: 10.1007/PL00009777 

Lynch, P., 2000. Boundary filters using half-sinc functions. Hirlam Newsletter, 35, pp.110–118. Available at: 

Lynch, P., Gustafsson, N., Hansen Sass, B., Cats, G., 2000. Final report of the HIRLAM 4 project, 1997 – 1999

Lynch, P., 2000. Numerical weather prediction: the origins and development of computer forecasting. Met Éireann Historical Note, 4. Available at:  

McDonald, A., 2000. Boundary conditions for semi-lagrangian schemes: testing some alternatives in one-dimensional models. Monthly Weather Review, 128(12), pp.4084–4096. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0493(2000)129<4084:BCFSLS>2.0.CO;2 

McDonald, A., 2000. Well-posed boundary conditions for semi-Lagrangian schemes: the one-dimensional case. Part II. HIRLAM Technical Report, 44. Available at: 

McWilliams, B., 2000. Thoughts on a great character. Dublin Historical Record, 53(1), pp.17–18


Finkele, K., 1999. High resolution simulation of FASTEX IOP 16. In HIRLAM 4 Workshop on High Resolution Modelling, Norrköping, 10-12 May. Dublin: HIRLAM, pp. 86–88

Lynch, P., McGrath, R. and McDonald, A., 1999. Digital filter initialization for HIRLAM. HIRLAM Technical Report, 42

Lynch, P., 1999. Richardson’s marvellous forecast. In M. A. Shapiro & S. Grønås, eds. The Life Cycles of Extratropical Cyclones. Boston: American Meteorological Society, pp. 61–73. Available at: 

Lynch, P., 1999. State-of-the-art in short range forecasting. In Proceedings of European Conference on Applications of Meteorology. Norrköping: European Meteorological Society

McDonald, A., 1999. An examination of alternative extrapolations to find the departure point position in a “two-time-level” semi-lagrangian integration. Monthly Weather Review, 127(9), pp.1985–1993. DOI: 3(1999)127<1985:AEOAET>2.0.CO;2 

McDonald, A., 1999. A review of lateral boundary conditions for limited area forecast models. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy, 61, pp.95–105. Available at: 

McDonald, A., 1999. Changes to the semi-Lagrangian scheme. Hirlam Newsletter, 33, pp.69–72

McDonald, A. and Hamilton, J., 1999. HIRLAM at Met Éireann. Hirlam Newsletter, 33, pp.32–36

McDonald, A., 1999. Well-posed boundary conditions for semi-Lagrangian schemes: the one-dimensional case. HIRLAM technical report, 43


Finkele, K., 1998. Inland and offshore propagation speeds of a sea breeze from simulations and measurements. , 87(2), pp.307–329. DOI: 10.1023/A:1001083913327  

Lynch, P., Majewski, D. and Prohl, P., 1998. Digital filtering initialization of the global icosahedral-hexagonal grid NWP Model (GME) of the Deutscher Wetterdienst. In A. Staniforth, ed. CAS/JSC Working Group on Numerical Experimentation, Report 27 on research activities in atmospheric and oceanic modelling. World Meteorological Organisation

Lynch, P., 1998. HTML in less than no time. Hirlam Newsletter, 30, pp.52–56


Finkele, K., 1997. Sea breezes. In G. P. Laughlin et al., eds. The user’s guide to the Australian coast. Melbourne: Reed Books

Joly, A. et al., 1997. The Fronts and Atlantic Storm-Track Experiment (FASTEX): Scientific Objectives and Experimental Design. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 78(9), pp.1917–1940. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0477(1997)078<1917:TFAAST>2.0.CO;2 

Lynch, P., Giard, D. & Ivanovici, V., 1997. Improving the Efficiency of a Digital Filtering Scheme for Diabatic Initialization. Monthly Weather Review, 125(8), pp.1976–1982. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0493(1997)125<1976:ITEOAD>2.0.CO;2 

Lynch, P., 1997. The Dolph–Chebyshev Window: A Simple Optimal Filter. Monthly Weather Review, 125(4), pp.655–660. DOI:10.1175/1520-0493(1997)125<0655:TDCWAS>2.0.CO;2 

Lynch, P., 1997. Science at Met Éireann: FASTEX. The Irish Scientist, 5, pp.114–115. Available at: 

McWilliams, B., 1997. The kingdom of the air: the progress of meteorology. In J. W. Foster & H. C. G. Chesney, eds. Nature in Ireland?: a scientific and cultural history. Dublin, Ireland: The Lilliput Press.

Raupach, M.R., Finkele, K. & Zhang, L., 1997. SCAM: a soil-canopy-atmosphere model. Description and comparisons with field data.Technical Report 132. Canberra: CSIRO 

Raupach, M.R., Finkele, K., Briggs, P.R., et al., 1997. Water and carbon dynamics of the Australian biosphere. In K. . Munro, R.K. and Leslie, ed. Climate Prediction for Agricultural and Resource Management: Australian Academy of Science Conference, Canberra, 6-8 May. Canberra, pp. 218–229


Fitzgerald, D.L., 1996. Maximum product of spacings estimators for the generalized pareto and log-logistic distributions. Stochastic Hydrology and Hydraulics, 10(1), pp.1–15. DOI: 10.1007/BF01581791 

Lynch, P., 1996. The elastic pendulum: a simple mechanical model for atmospheric balance. Met Éireann Technical Note, 54. Available at: 

Lynch, P., 1996. A simple filter for initialization. HIRLAM Technical Report, 24. Available at: 

McWilliams, B., 1996. A weather eye on literature, Dublin, Ireland: Irish Times Books.


Finkele, K., Hacker, J.M., Kraus, H., Byron-Scott, R.A.D., 1995. A complete sea-breeze circulation cell derived from aircraft observations. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 73(3), pp.299–317. DOI: 10.1007/BF00711261  

Lynch, P., 1995. HIRLAM forecasts of the Epiphany snow storm. Hirlam Progress Report, 2


Lynch, P., 1994. Climate modelling. In J. Feehan, ed. Climate variation and climate change in Ireland?: proceedings of a one-day conference held at UCD on Monday 24th January 1994. Dublin: Environmental Institute, University College Dublin

Lynch, P., 1994. The outlook is bright. The Irish Scientist, 1, p.28. Available at: 

McWilliams, B., 1994. Weather eye, Dublin, Ireland: The Lilliput Press.


Bourke, A. and Lamb, H., 1993. The spread of potato blight in Europe in 1845-6 and the accompanying wind and weather patterns, Dublin, Ireland: Irish Meteorological Service.

Bourke, A., 1993. “The visitation of God”? the potato and the great Irish famine J. Hill & C. Ó Gráda, eds., Dublin, Ireland: The Lilliput Press.

Lynch, P., 1993. Digital Filters For Numerical Weather Prediction. Hirlam Progress Report, (10). Available at: 

Lynch, P. & Huang, X.-Y., 1993. Initialization schemes for HIRLAM based on recursive digital filters. HIRLAM Technical Report, 12. Available at: 

Lynch, P., 1993. Richardson’s Forecast-factory: the $64,000 Question. The Meteorological Magazine, 122, pp.69–70. Available at:


Keane, T., Barry, P. & Stafford, J., 1992. Irish farming, weather and environment, Dublin, Ireland: AGMET.

Lynch, P. & Huang, X.-Y., 1992. Initialization of the HIRLAM Model Using a Digital Filter. Monthly Weather Review, 120(6), pp.1019–1034. DOI: 10.1175/15200493(1992)120<1019:IOTHMU>2.0.CO;2 

Lynch, P., 1992. Richardson’s Barotropic Forecast: A Reappraisal. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 73(1), pp.35–47. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0477(1992)073<0035:RBFAR>2.0.CO;2


Lynch, P., 1991. Filtering Integration Schemes Based on the Laplace and Z Transforms. Monthly Weather Review, 119(3), pp.653–666. DOI: 10.1175/1520-0493(1991)119<0653:FISBOT>2.0.CO;2


Shields, L. and Fitzgerald, D., 1989. The “Night of the Big Wind” in Ireland, 6–7 January 1839. Irish Geography, 22(1), pp.31–43. DOI:10.1080/00750778909478784


Shields, L. (ed), 1987. The Irish Meteorological Service?: the first fifty years, 1936-1986, Dublin, Ireland: Met Éireann. Available at:


Keane, T. and Collins, J.F. (eds.), 1986. Climate, weather and Irish agriculture 1st ed., Dublin, Ireland

Rohan, P.K.
, 1986. The climate of Ireland 2nd ed., Dublin: Irish Meteorological Service


Dixon, F.E., 1971. The Dublin philosopher. Dublin Historical Record, 24(3), pp.52–64


Irish Meteorological Service, 1974. Climatological Atlas of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland: Irish Meteorological Service


Dixon, F.E., 1959. Weather in old Dublin: Part II. Dublin Historical Record, 15(3), pp.65–73


Dixon, F.E., 1953. Weather in old Dublin. Dublin Historical Record, 13(3/4), pp.94–107





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